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How to insert Javascript

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How to insert Javascript

Post  Stoned Hacker on Thu Dec 10, 2009 1:12 pm

Put a JavaScript into an HTML page
The example below shows how to use JavaSript to write text on a web page:
Code:
<html>
<body>
<script type="text/javascript">
document.write("Hello World!");
</script>
</body>
</html>
The example below shows how to add HTML tags to the JavaScript:
Code:
<html>
<body>
<script type="text/javascript">
document.write("<h1>Hello World!</h1>");
</script>
</body>
</html>

EXPLANATION:
To insert a JavaScript into an HTML page, we use the <script> tag. Inside the <script> tag we use the type attribute to define the scripting language.

So, the <script type="text/javascript"> and </script> tells where the JavaScript starts and ends:The document.write command is a standard JavaScript command for writing output to a page.
By entering the document.write command between the <script> and </script> tags, the browser will recognize it as a JavaScript command and execute the code line. In this case the browser will write Hello World! to the page:

How to Handle Simple Browsers

Browsers that do not support JavaScript, will display JavaScript as page content.
To prevent them from doing this, and as a part of the JavaScript standard, the HTML comment tag should be used to "hide" the JavaScript.
Just add an HTML comment tag <!-- before the first JavaScript statement, and a --> (end of comment) after the last JavaScript statement, like this:
Code:
<html>
<body>
<script type="text/javascript">
<!--
document.write("Hello World!");
//-->
</script>
</body>
</html>
The two forward slashes at the end of comment line (//) is the JavaScript comment symbol. This prevents JavaScript from executing the --> tag.

Where to Put the JavaScript

JavaScripts in a page will be executed immediately while the page loads into the browser. This is not always what we want. Sometimes we want to execute a script when a page loads, other times when a user triggers an event.

Scripts in <head>
Scripts to be executed when they are called, or when an event is triggered, go in the head section.
If you place a script in the head section, you will ensure that the script is loaded before anyone uses it.
Code:
<html>
<head>
<script type="text/javascript">
function message()
{
alert("This alert box was called with the onload event");
}
</script>
</head>

<body onload="message()">
</body>
</html>
Scripts in <body>
Scripts to be executed when the page loads go in the body section.
If you place a script in the body section, it generates the content of a page.
Code:
<html>
<head>
</head>
<body>
<script type="text/javascript">
document.write("This message is written by JavaScript");
</script>
</body>
</html>
Scripts in <head> and <body>
You can place an unlimited number of scripts in your document, so you can have scripts in both the body and the head section.
Code:
<html>
<head>
<script type="text/javascript">
....
</script>
</head>
<body>
<script type="text/javascript">
....
</script>
</body>
Using an External JavaScript
If you want to run the same JavaScript on several pages, without having to write the same script on every page, you can write a JavaScript in an external file.
Save the external JavaScript file with a .js file extension.
Note: The external script cannot contain the <script> tag!
To use the external script, point to the .js file in the "src" attribute of the <script> tag:
Code:
<html>
<head>
<script type="text/javascript" src="xxx.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
</body>
</html>
Note: Remember to place the script exactly where you normally would write the script!
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